The paper has assessed how far the government of India has succeeded in securing the lives of the people by developing immunity against the two contagious diseases, namely Polio and Covid 19. The paper intends to analyse government’s vaccine policy for reaching this end. The Paper will review how far the vaccine has immunised the targeted population. It has made a comparative analysis of India’s Polio and Covid 19 vaccine policies. It has critically examined the shortcomings of government policy in reaching out the targeted population. The paper has adopted analytical and statistical method using data and diagrams for this purpose.