ISSN : 1997-1052 (Print)
2227-202X (Online)
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Theoretical Approaches to Avoid Challenges in the post – Conflict Situation
Nisanka Sanjeewani Ariyarathne

Valuable scholastic works published the last two decades on the post-conflict reconstruction.  Nevertheless, among them, some scholars introduced the term of the post-conflict as a highly controversial one. Although, there are different contradictory definitions towards to the term of post-conflict; nevertheless, this term is commonly used to identify specific characteristics and needs in the recovery context. By and large, successful post-conflict reconstruction simultaneously addressed material infrastructure development and reconciliation. The principle objective of this paper is to examine how post conflict theoretical approaches address the challenges in the post conflict context.  The second objective is to understand how people perceive the post- conflict reconstruction policies in terms of their own socioeconomic, political and cultural advancement. The final objective is highlight contradictory problems of the post conflict context and various other stakeholders. The paper mainly investigates two research questions. The first   research question is what are the main strategies and approaches to overcome post- conflict challenges? Subsequently the study examined what are the main factors for making the peoples dissatisfied with post conflict situations. This study presents its research findings based on qualitative research methodology. Among a wide range of qualitative research approaches, the study mainly based on interpretive approach. On account of various practical issues; scholars have made different kinds of arguments to overcome the PCR challenges. Hence, some scholars argued that more productive approaches are needed to conceptualize post-conflict context. Contemporary a number of practical approaches such as Process - Oriented Approach, Security Sector Reforms (SSR), Pinheiro Principles, Liberal Peace-Building paradigm, theory of Conflict Sensitivity, the concept of liberal peace, Conflict-Related Development Analysis (CDA), Comprehensive Approach (CA),Community-Driven Development (CDD),and Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration(DDR) approaches are using to wipe out challenges and shortcomings  from the post conflict  context.    

In fact, all post-conflict societies made up specific social, economic and political challenges and these complex issues are undermining sustainable peace.  Indeed, a considerable amount of empirical findings demonstrated post- conflict reconstruction is not an easy task. By and large, decline after a conflict, various internal and external actors are seeking the most appropriate resolutions to overwhelm these challenges. Nevertheless, the last three decades the PCR history demonstrates us a large number of shortcomings and unfortunately these hardships are still remaining in   these countries.

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