ISSN : 1997-1052 (Print)
227-202X (Online)
 
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Water Scarcity and Conflict in Bangladesh: A Literature Review
Saddamul Islam
Abstract

The water scarcity is a threat to sound life of people. The relationship between water scarcity and conflict is now becoming a vital issue on the globe. Bangladesh is a river-reign country and has to share its rivers with neighboring countries. Meanwhile, it has completed only one agreement, the Ganges agreement, with India and the water of rest of the rivers are shared without any agreement. In international arena, trans-boundary River disputes often postpone or consume time even with an agreement, hence most of the time it remains unimplemented. The main challenge is the intra-state conflict that a country faces before the conflict transmits to state vs. state level. The objective of the research is to assess the challenges related to water scarcity in Bangladesh and their impacts, especially on livelihoods and socio-economic conditions. The main objective of the paper is to assess the relationship between water scarcity and conflict (violent conflict) in terms of intra-state in Bangladesh. The method of the study is qualitative. The study is based on secondary data. The study follows the qualitative analysis by nature. The study has found that water scarcity and conflict have a relationship in terms of intra-state conflict and this relationship is increasing day by day. Violent conflict exists in the country but not in a significant way. The structure of the violent conflict already lies down in many regards.

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