ISSN : 1997-1052 (Print)
227-202X (Online)
 
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HIV/AIDS Affected People and Social Exclusion: A Review of Literature
Md. Zahangir Bhuyiah, Md. Abul Hossen
Abstract

HIV/AIDS affected People are in very vulnerable condition due to the nature of the virus or diseases they suffer. Like other vulnerable segments of society, the number of HIV/ AIDS affected people is increasing alarmingly. Although it is hard to know the exact number of HIV/AIDS affected people living in the world, but available data shows that in 2015, there were 36.7 million people living with HIV and 1.1 million people died from AIDS related causes worldwide so far. In Asia and the pacific countries an estimated 5.1 million people are living with HIV including 300,000 newly infected in 2015. Among them about 9,600 Bangladeshi people are suffering from this virus. Once when a person is affected with this virus or AIDS, he/she becomes isolated from the community, family, even from the health providers. Not only the affected people, the family of the victims also faces stigma and discrimination. The aim of the article is to critically examine the prevalence and situation of HIV/AIDS affected people and the implication of social exclusion theory in their day to day life.In order to understand the matter we will discuss different forms of deprivation, discrimination, stigmas and their impact on HIV/AIDS affected people. The article is based on secondary data. For collecting secondary data we extensively searched various published research reports, books, journal articles, video documentaries etc. The literature shows along with other types of social exclusion, ignorance and misunderstanding continue to undermine efforts to end HIV/AIDS, though the world has committed to ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030.

Key words: HIV/AIDS; Social exclusion; Stigma; Discrimination

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